Castle Primary School
Newlands Road,
BS31 2TS

Access is via Newlands Road NOT Dunster Road

0117 986 4489

Castle Primary School

Art and Design


At Castle Primary School, Art and Design learning is linked to our wider curriculum learning, enriching and extending understanding of the topics explored. Art and Design education provides rewarding activities that inspire, inform, stimulate and challenge. We facilitate engaging learning experiences for our children to ensure that new skills and knowledge are acquired and applied successfully.
We aim to:

  • Encourage pupils to produce creative work, explore ideas and record experiences.
  • Equip students with skills and proficiency in drawing, painting, sculpture and other art, craft and design techniques.
  • Enable students to evaluate and analyse creative works using the language of art, craft and design.
  • Enhance students’ knowledge of great artists, craft makers and designers, and the understanding of the historical and cultural development of their art forms in our world.
  • Encourage students to initiate and develop their own learning through investigation and in response to great artists, craft makers and designers.
  • Encourage students to complete tasks independently and confidently.


Art and Design learning links closely to our wider curriculum and the topics explored. Students develop knowledge of artistic elements, practical skills and perceptual skills through drawing, painting, printmaking, 3D sculpture, textiles, digital media and collage.

Artistic elements: Line, shape, colour, value/tone, form, pattern, texture, space.

Practical skills: Cutting, shaping, gathering, resources, safely using tools, organising, clearing away.

Perceptual skills: Observing, recording, developing language of art/craft/design, making links, communicating, expressing ideas, critically appreciating and visual literacy.


Alongside the practical skills, we also place emphasis on ‘exploring and generating ideas’ and ‘evaluating’ in the context of other artists’, craft makers’ and designers’ work. Students are encouraged to share ideas, compare and evaluate their own work and also that of others.


Key vocabulary, skills and knowledge to be taught and artists’ work to be explored are outlined in our curriculum plans. There is a clear progression of skills from the EYFS through to Upper Key Stage Two (UKS2).


Our Art and Design Curriculum


Our Art and Design curriculum in Key Stage 1 and 2 is arranged into 4 key areas:

  • Exploring and generating ideas
  • Making through drawing and other media and techniques (painting, printmaking, collage, textiles, 3D sculpture, digital media)
  • Evaluating
  • Knowledge of the work of artists, craft makers and designers (context) and knowledge of processes and materials


Exploring and generating ideas, evaluating and drawing form the basis of each topic. In addition to this, students have the opportunity to develop knowledge through the focus artist and the six other media and techniques explored throughout their key stage (see table below).

Each topic is closely linked to an artist, craft maker, designer or cultural/historical group of people. Each year group will study three Art and Design topics per year (three half terms) however, there may be opportunities to teach additional Art and Design during other half terms.

In KS2 students create sketchbooks to record their observations and use them to review and revisit ideas.


Art and Design in the Early Years


Art and Design in the Early Years falls under the area of Expressive Arts and Design (EAD), one of the four specific areas of development. Selected areas of learning, including EAD, are flexible depending on individual and cohort funds of knowledge and interests, and these are frequently rooted in concepts based on children’s lived experiences.

The EAD Early Learning Goals focus on ‘exploring and using media and materials’ and ‘being imaginative’. Children are given the opportunity to independently explore and experiment with a range of media and tools through various techniques. Their skills and understanding are developed through re-visitation and the input of adult-led group activities. Children can then apply their knowledge of the media and materials to create their own artwork.

Exploring the work of great artists, craft makers and designers is in addition to this and can contribute to children developing and evaluating their own ideas.


Art and Design Principles

Our Art and Design teaching will have the following principles:

Focus artist, craft maker or designer – Each topic will have a focus artist, craft maker, designer or cultural/historical group (e.g. Stone Age cave paintings). The work of these artists will act as a starting point from which the students can observe, analyse and discuss similarities and differences. Students will develop an awareness of different kinds of art, craft and design through imagery, replicas and visits to galleries and museums.  They will be able to make links between their own work and that of other artists.

Exploration and investigation – Students will have the opportunity to explore and investigate the media or technique as well as the work of the focus artist. This will involve consideration of the artistic elements and may be through verbal discussion as well as practical activities.

Development of ideas – Students combine their knowledge of the focus artist and their initial explorations to develop their own independent and creative ideas. Students will refer to the artistic elements and expand upon their ideas through a process of review and re-visitation.

Practical skills of making – Students will be encouraged to develop their practical skills in the areas of drawing, painting, printmaking, 3D sculpture, digital media, collage and textiles. This involves developing control over processes such as joining materials and colour mixing.

Feedback - We will provide both verbal and written feedback to our children (as per the marking policy) and ensure that this happens ‘live’ during lessons as much as possible. As sketchbooks are considered a personal space for each student, any written feedback will be on post-it notes.

Evaluation – Students are encouraged to evaluate and analyse their own work and the creative work of others throughout the topic. There are also opportunities for peer assessment. Students are supported to develop the language of art, craft and design to apply when evaluating and analysing. This may take the form of verbal discussion or, for older pupils, writing in sketchbooks.

At Castle Primary School we aim to teach art to develop children’s creativity and critical thinking.

During their time at Castle Primary School, children will explore art in different forms with a particular focus on the skills of drawing, sculpture and painting. As well as this, children will study artists and designers from a diverse range of backgrounds to understand the development of different art forms and inspire their own creativity.