Castle Primary School
Newlands Road,
BS31 2TS

Access is via Newlands Road NOT Dunster Road

0117 986 4489

Castle Primary School

PSHE (Personal Social Health and Economic) and Sex and Relationship Education


 Intent - Why we teach PSHE

PSHE stands for Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education.  This is an umbrella term that encompasses the new statutory Relationships and Health Education (RSHE) as well bringing together emotional literacy, social skills and spiritual development in a comprehensive scheme of learning. A lesson a week helps teachers to focus on their children’s needs and to enjoy building relationships with their class: getting to know them better as unique human beings.

At Castle Primary School we aim for children to leave in Year 6 with the knowledge, understanding and emotions to be able to play an active, positive and successful role in today’s diverse society.  PSHE helps pupils to understand their own personal value and how as individuals, they fit into and contribute to the world.  PSHE helps to develop emotional literacy, build resilience and supports mental and physical wellbeing.  We also promote and practise mindfulness allowing children to advance their awareness, concentration and focus.  Our Relationships, Sex and Health education enables our children to learn how to be safe and to understand and develop healthy relationships, both now and in their future lives.

Implementation - How we teach PSHE

As a school, we follow the Jigsaw scheme of work. As part of this scheme, there is a set theme each half term, which is introduced, in a whole school or key stage assembly. There are 6 lessons per theme and every PSHE lesson has two learning intentions.  One specific to PSHE (in purple) and one relevant to developing children’s emotional literacy and social skills (in green).  Lessons are underpinned by the Jigsaw Learning Charter which is reinforced at the beginning of each lesson.

The 6 Jigsaw themes are:

Term 1: Being Me in My World

Term 2: Celebrating Difference (including anti-bullying)

Term 3: Dreams and Goals

Term 4: Healthy Me

Term 5: Relationships

Term 6: Changing Me  

The Scheme of Work also identifies links to British Values and SMSC. 


In the foundation stage, PSHE is taught as an integral part of classroom life and is embedded throughout the curriculum. They teach a weekly Jigsaw lesson in addition to the Personal, Social and Emotional Development statements from the ‘Development Matters in the EYFS’ and the PSED Early Learning Goals. 

Key Stage 1 and 2

To ensure a depth and accuracy of learning which builds upon prior learning, all classes undertake weekly PSHE lessons which follow Jigsaw 3-11.   This is a fully planned and spiralling/progressive PSHE scheme which ‘aims to prepare children for life, helping them to know and value who they are and understand how they relate to other people in this ever-changing world.’

Assessment in Jigsaw is both formative and summative.  Children use self-assessment at the end of each lesson to identify areas for self-improvement in line with that lesson’s objectives. Teachers record learning in their class floor book.


Each theme has an assessment opportunity lesson which children record their learning in their Jigsaw Journals.  Teachers then use these 6 termly assessment pieces to make an informed judgement for each child at the end of the year.


 PSHE and the wider curriculum

·         PSHE, including SMSC (Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural development) and BV (British Values), is an integral part of the whole school curriculum, and is therefore often taught within another subject area. For example in year 6, whilst learning about Ancient Greece, the children learn about democracy both during Ancient Greek times and modern day Britain.

·         Visitors such as emergency services and the NSPCC complement our PSHE curriculum to offer additional learning.

·         We encourage our pupils to develop their sense of self-worth by playing a positive role in contributing to school life and the wider community. We challenge all of our pupils to look for opportunities to show the school values: value learning, value others, value ourselves.

·         Assemblies are linked to PSHE, British Values and SMSC and cover any additional sessions that would benefit the whole school.

PSHE, BV and SMSC displays throughout school reinforce the PSHE curriculum enabling children to make links.

Our Relationships and Sex Education curriculum is taught during our Changing Me unit in the summer term. The content of the Sex Education Syllabus is designed in accordance with Jigsaw’s guidelines and with the approval of the school governors. Sex Education is delivered informally as part of our teaching on Health, Personal and Social Education and National Curriculum Science. Staff will respond sensitively and appropriately to any enquiries from the children.

 For more details please see the link at the bottom of the page.


The impact of PSHE teaching is evident in school life as a whole - in pupils’ good behaviour, their attitudes to learning and their respect for one another.

 By the time our children leave our school they will:

·         Understand how conflicts can occur and how to resolve them.

·         Understand how their choices can have an impact on the school community as well as globally.

·         Set goals and deal with disappointment.

·         Understand how to stay physically healthy and how diet and exercise influences this (as well as avoiding substance abuse is and how this affects them).

·         Have the ability to form meaningful relationships based on mutual respect.

·         Have skills to work within a team and communicate effectively.

·         Understand the physical aspects involved in RSE at an age appropriate level.

·         Be able to look after their mental health and well-being.

 Jigsaw RSHE A Guide for Parents and carers.pdfDownload
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 PSHE and RSHE Policy CPS 20.pdfDownload
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